Governo autonomo della magistratura: il modello nordico
In the Constitutions of the Nordic Countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) independence of the judiciary from others powers of State is firmly established, but only starting from 1975 onwards autonomous Courts Administrations have particular responsibility for the administrative management of the Courts, including financial management, human resources, organisation and information technology, competences previously attributed exclusively to the Ministry of justice. Each of these Court Administration (and similar bodies) has its origin in the development of its legal system, which is deeply rooted in a historical, cultural and social context, but all these institutions nevertheless share common experiences and functions and are composed and governed by analogous general principles.
The institutional peculiarities of this Nordic model are of special interest in comparative perspective.
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