CEDAW e adeguamento dell’ordinamento italiano. La rilevanza delle discriminazioni basate su genere, sesso, orientamento sessuale, identità di genere e la loro intersezione
Abstract: The implementation of the CEDAW into the Italian legal order: the relevance of discriminations based on gender, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity and their intersection. – This article reflects on the implementation of the
CEDAW into the Italian criminal law order. The focus is on the amendments to articles 604 bis and 604 ter of the Italian Criminal Code. In 2020 the Chamber of Deputies approved the bill "Measures to prevent and combat discrimination and violence for reasons based on sex, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity and disability". By approving the bill, Italy would certainly take a step forward, albeit unwittingly, in the implementation of the CEDAW. Nevertheless, if Italy failed to pass the bill, it would be internationally responsible for the violation of the obligation to protect set out in art. 2 CEDAW. This article also analyses the relevance of intersectional discrimination in the Convention and in the Italian criminal law. Any reference to this form of discrimination appears to be absent both in the debate and in the proposed amendments to articles 604 bis and ter. For this reason, the author wonders whether Italy would still be partially non-compliant with its obligations to protect women from intersectional discrimination.
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