I consigli di giustizia in America Latina: un quadro comparativo tra continuità e instabilità dei modelli
Judicial Councils in Latin America: a comparative framework between continuity and instability of models.
This contribution proposes a first classification of the Latin American judicial councils based on the characteristics of their composition and functions. The research highlights two opposite trends: one aims at the preservation of the traditional prerogatives of the supreme courts, the other points at strengthen the non-judicial legitimization of the councils. Especially the last trend has produced certain episodes of politicization of judges’ responsibility, which have severely compromised courts’ independence in some countries. Moreover, while in various contexts judicial councils have struggled to maintain their autonomy, at the international level the recommendations of the Cumbre Judicial Iberoamericana have emphasized the importance of ethics for social legitimation of the judiciary.
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