The Brazilian prosecutor’s office

  • Fabio Ramazzini Bechara
  • Leandro Piquet Carneiro


This article explores the rise of prosecutorial independence in Brazil and its impact on its democratic landscape. Focusing on the period after the 1988 Constitution, it examines the Public Prosecutor's Office (PPO) role within the criminal justice system, its historical evolution, and its organizational dynamics. We focused on the tension between the PPO's increasing independence and its interactions with other state entities, such as the judiciary, non-governmental organizations, and the media.
While traditionally characterized by autonomy, legal adherence, and controlled discretion, the PPO has shifted in recent decades. Since the 1990s, the Brazilian criminal justice system has embraced negotiation techniques and mechanisms, empowering prosecutors' power while fostering transparency and oversight. However, this trend has also presented a contemporary challenge: the need for effective collaboration in complex corruption and organized crime cases, especially considering the risk of overlapping initiatives across various jurisdictions.
Ultimately, the study delves into the pivotal role and significance of the PPO in shaping modern Brazilian politics. It analyzes its counter-majoritarian functions and prerogatives and considers how they interact with the principles of democratic balance and accountability.

Apr 15, 2024
How to Cite
RAMAZZINI BECHARA, Fabio; PIQUET CARNEIRO, Leandro. The Brazilian prosecutor’s office. DPCE Online, [S.l.], v. 62, n. 1, apr. 2024. ISSN 2037-6677. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 24 june 2024. doi:
Citation Formats
Sezione Monografica